No matter what age you are, healthy eating is really important to maintaining and improving your health and it is even more important for children and young people who are still growing and developing.
A healthy, well balanced diet has many benefits including:
- Helps growth and development
- Provides a fuel store so children and young people have the energy to get through the day
- Helps improve concentration, mood and stress
- Is a source of the nutrients needed for healthy skin, teeth, hair and nails
- Protects the teeth from damage from sugary foods and drinks.
If your child is a healthy weight, there's lots you can do as a parent to help them stay a healthy size as they grow.
Research #shows children who stay a healthy weight tend to be fitter, healthier, better able to learn, and more self-confident.
They're also much less likely to have health problems in later life.
Children whose parents encourage them to be active and eat well are more likely to stay a healthy weight and grow up healthy.
Check their BMI every now and then using using the NHS BMI calculator to make sure they stay in the healthy range.
There are a number of steps for success to help you succeed.
One way to instil good habits in your child is for you to be a good role model. Children learn by example. You can encourage your child to be active and eat well by doing so yourself.
Set a good example by going for a walk or bike ride instead of watching TV or surfing the internet.
Playing in the park or swimming with your children shows them being active is fun. It's also a great opportunity for you all to spend time together.
Any changes you make to your child's diet and lifestyle are much more likely to be accepted if the changes are small and involve the whole family.
If you're not sure what activities you'd like to try as a family, head to our fitness hub.
Children need about 60 minutes of physical activity a day for good health, but it doesn't need to be all at once.
Several short 10-minute or even 5-minute bursts of activity throughout the day can be just as good as an hour-long stretch.
For younger children, it can take the form of active play, such as ball games, chasing games like "it" and "tag", riding a scooter, and using playground swings, climbing frames and see-saws.
For older children it could include riding a bike, skateboarding, walking to school, skipping, swimming, dancing and martial arts.
Walking or cycling short distances instead of using the car or bus is a great way to be active together as a family. And you'll save money, too.
Join Change4Life for free and your child will get their own personalised activity plan full of good ideas for getting moving.
Try to avoid feeding your child oversized portions. There's very little official guidance on precisely how much food children require, so you'll need to use your own judgement.
A good rule of thumb is to start meals with small servings and let your child ask for more if they're still hungry.
Try not to make your child finish everything on the plate or eat more than they want to.
And avoid using adult-size plates for younger children as it encourages them to eat oversized portions.
It may also help if you encourage your child to eat slowly and have set mealtimes. You can use mealtimes as an opportunity to catch up on what's happened during the day.
Explain to your child how to get the balance of their diet right using the Eatwell Guide. It shows how much they should eat from each food group.
Read more about what counts as a balanced diet.
Children, just like adults, should aim to eat 5 or more portions of fruit and vegetables every day. They're a great source of fibre and vitamins and minerals.
Getting 5 A Day shouldn't be too difficult. Almost all fruit and vegetables count towards your child's 5 A Day, including fresh, tinned, frozen and dried.
Juices, smoothies, beans and pulses also count.
Be aware that unsweetened 100% fruit juice, vegetable juice and smoothies can only ever count as a maximum of 1 portion of their 5 A Day.
For example, if they have 2 glasses of fruit juice and a smoothie in 1 day, that still only counts as 1 portion.
Their combined total of drinks from fruit juice, vegetable juice and smoothies shouldn't be more than 150ml a day, which is a small glass.
For example, if they have 150ml of orange juice and a 150ml smoothie in 1 day, they'll have exceeded the recommendation by 150ml.
When fruit is blended or juiced, it releases the sugars. This increases the risk of tooth decay, so it's best to drink fruit juice or smoothies at mealtimes.
Discourage your child from having sugary or high-fat foods like sweets, cakes, biscuits, some sugary cereals, and sugar-sweetened soft and fizzy drinks. These foods and drinks tend to be high in calories and low in nutrients.
Aim for your child to get most of their calories from healthier foods like fruit and vegetables, and starchy foods like bread, potatoes, pasta and rice (preferably wholemeal). And switch sweetened soft drinks for water.
Help your children avoid sitting and lying around too much, as it makes it more likely for them to put on weight.
Limit the amount of time your child spends on inactive pastimes such as watching television, playing video games and playing on electronic devices.
There's no hard and fast advice on how much is too much, but experts say children should watch no more than 2 hours of television each day.
And remove all screens (including mobile phones) from their bedroom at night.
It also helps children stay trim if they sleep well. It's been shown children who don't have the recommended amount of sleep are more likely to be overweight.
The less children sleep, the greater the risk of them becoming obese. Lack of sleep can also affect their mood and behaviour.
Get them to help with cooking
Getting children involved preparing the meals; from selecting a dish, helping shop for the ingredients or even getting involved in the cooking (under adult supervision) is a great way for them to learn and think about what is in their food.
There are many great sites for child friendly recipes such as Change4Life
Setting a challenge
Why not set your child a challenge of how many days they can make healthy swaps?
Create a tracker for their five-a-day
Why not treat them to a sweet or ice cream if they achieve a full week of healthy eating so they start seeing sugary items as a rare treat rather than daily snack?
The Eatwell Guide applies to vegetarians, vegans, people of all ethnic origins and those who are a healthy weight for their height, as well as those who are overweight.
The only group The Eatwell Guide is not suitable for is children under the age of 2, as they have different needs.
See The Eatwell Guide for more information about a healthy diet.